Updated on: Feb 16th, 2024
9 min read
Specific cases are mentioned under the GST law where no input tax credit shall be available for claims to the taxpayer. We are going to discuss the ineligibility of input tax credit in the article with examples.
1st February 2023
Budget 2023 updates-
1. An addition is made to Section 17(5) to disallow ITC claims on the CSR expenditure for corporates.
2. High sea sales and other similar transactions that are neither supply of goods nor services and considered exempt shall be considered for the proportional ITC calculation as per revised Section 17(3).
1st February 2022
Budget 2022 updates-
1. ITC cannot be claimed if it is restricted in GSTR-2B available under Section 38.
2. Time limit to claim ITC on invoices or debit notes of a financial year is revised to earlier of two dates. Firstly, 30th November of the following year or secondly, the date of filing annual returns.
3. Section 38 is completely revamped as ‘Communication of details of inward supplies and input tax credit’ in line with the Form GSTR-2B. It lays down the manner, time, conditions and restrictions for ITC claims and has removed the two-way communication process in GST return filing on the suspended return in Form GSTR-2. It also states that taxpayers will be provided information of eligible and ineligible ITC for claims.
4. Section 41 is also revamped to remove the references to provisional ITC claims and prescribes self-assessed ITC claims with conditions.
5. Sections 42, 43 and 43A on provisional ITC claim process, matching and reversal are eliminated.
ITC is not available for Motor vehicles used to transport persons, having a seating capacity of less than or equal to 13 persons (including the driver). However, ITC is available if the seating capacity of such motor vehicles exceeds 13 persons. Further, ITC is not available on vessels and aircrafts.
For example, XYZ & Co. buys a car for their business. They cannot claim ITC on the same.
Exceptions to ITC on motor vehicles/vessels/aircrafts:
ITC will be available when the vehicle is used for making taxable supplies by the following:
a) Supply of other vehicles or conveyances, vessels or aircrafts.
If you are in the business of supplying cars then ITC will be available.
For example, a car dealer purchases a car for Rs.50 lakh plus 14 lakh GST (ignoring cess calculations). The same car was later sold for 70 lakhs along with Rs.19.60 lakh GST. Since he is a dealer, he can claim ITC of 14 lakhs and pay only Rs.5.60 lakh (19.60 – 14).
b) Transportation of passengers
If you are providing transportation of passengers then ITC will be allowed on the vehicle purchased.
For example, Happy Tours purchased a bus for inter-city transport of passengers. ITC is available.
c) Imparting training on driving, flying, navigating such vehicle or conveyances or vessels or aircrafts, respectively.
A driving school purchases a car to give training to students. The school can claim ITC on the GST paid on the car.
d) Transportation of goods
ITC will be allowed on motor vehicles (and other conveyances) used to transport goods from one place to another. However, this is concerning other transporters and not goods transport agencies (GTA).
Here is a quick view of the Ineligible ITC on Motor Vehicles, Vessels and Aircrafts
ITC is not for the supply of following goods or services or both:
However, ITC will be available if the category of inward and outward supply is same or the component belongs to a mixed or composite supply under GST.
Example- Ajay Enterprises arranges for an office party for its employees. Ajay Enterprises will not be able to claim ITC on the food & beverages served.
No ITC is allowed on services of general insurance, servicing, repair and maintenance in so far as they relate to motor vehicles, vessels or aircraft referred to in (1).
Exceptions to ITC on insurance, repair or maintenance
No ITC will be allowed on any membership fees for gyms, clubs, etc.
Example- X, a Managing Director has taken membership of a club and the company pays the membership fees. ITC will not be available to the company or Mr. X.
ITC is not available for rent-a-cab, health insurance and life insurance. However, the following are exceptions, i.e., ITC is available for-
Read our article on GST impact on cab services.
ITC is not available in the case of travel, benefits extended to employees on vacation such as leave or home travel concession.
For example, ABC Ltd. offers a travel package to its employees for personal holidays. ITC on GST paid by ABC Ltd. for the holiday package will not be allowed. ITC will be allowed for travel for business purposes. Please read our article to know more about the impact of GST on airfare and rail fare.
ITC shall not be available for any work contract services. ITC for the construction of an immovable property cannot be availed, except where the input service is used for further work contract services.
For example, XYZ Contractors are constructing an immovable property. They cannot claim any ITC on the works contract. However, XYZ hires ABC Contractors for a portion of the works contract. XYZ can claim ITC on the GST charged by ABC Contractors. Please read our article on GST impact of the GST on works contracts.
No ITC is available for goods/services for construction of an immovable property on his own account. Even if such goods/services are used in the course or furtherance of business, ITC will not be available. But this rule does not apply to the plant or machinery. ITC is available on inputs used to manufacture plant and machinery for its own use.
No ITC would be available to the person who has made the payment of tax under composition scheme in GST law. Please read our extensive guides on the composition scheme under GST and whether you are eligible for it.
ITC cannot be availed on goods/services received by a non-resident taxable person. ITC is only available on any goods imported by him. Please read our articles on GST on non-residents and the registration process for non-residents.
No ITC will be available for the goods/ services used for personal purposes and not for business purposes. Find out more on how to calculate the amount of common credit applicable for business if you use the same input for both business and personal uses.
No ITC is available for goods lost, stolen, destroyed, written off or given off as gift or free samples.
ITC will not be available for any tax paid due to fraud cases which has resulted into –
Fraud cases include fraud or willful misstatements or suppression of facts or confiscation and seizure of goods.
As per Notification No. 46/2017-Central Tax (Rate), dated 14th November 2017, standalone restaurants will charge only 5% GST but cannot enjoy any ITC on the inputs.
However, restaurants as part of hotels with room tariffs exceeding Rs. 7,500 still continue to pay 18% GST and enjoy ITC. McDonald’s charges 5% GST and cannot claim any ITC. Taj’s Grill by the Pool restaurant in Kolkata is a part of the Taj Bengal hotel and so it will charge 18% GST while enjoying ITC.
I preach the words, “Learning never exhausts the mind.” An aspiring CA and a passionate content writer having 4+ years of hands-on experience in deciphering jargon in Indian GST, Income Tax, off late also into the much larger Indian finance ecosystem, I love curating content in various forms to the interest of tax professionals, and enterprises, both big and small. While not writing, you can catch me singing Shāstriya Sangeetha and tuning my violin ;). Read more
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