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One of the main purposes of E-way bill is to ensure smooth movement of goods at the check post. Let us examine the various process involved in the process of transporting the goods from one place to another. Once the goods are ready for transportation, the transporter has to ensure that two things are in place:
22nd December 2020
1. The CBIC increased the distance per day in case of goods transported through vehicles, other than the over-dimensional cargo, for determining the validity, as follows:
(a) It is one day – For a distance of up to 200 km as against earlier 100 km
(b) An additional day is taken- For every additional 200 km or part thereof, as against previously notified additional 100 km or part thereof
2. Regarding blocking of the e-way bill where a taxpayer fails to file GSTR-3B, the provision has been amended to replace two or more months with two or more tax periods. The same has been changed to include the quarterly return filers.
16th November 2020
1. According to Rule 138E (a) and (b) of the CGST Rules, 2017, the e-way bill generation facility of a taxpayer will be restricted, if the taxpayer fails to file their Form GSTR-3B returns or statement in Form GST CMP-08, for tax periods of two or more.
2. On 1st December 2020, the system will check the status of returns filed in Form GSTR-3B or the statements filed in Form GST CMP-08, for the class of taxpayers to whom it applies, and restrict the generation of e-way bill in case of:
(a) Non-filing of two or more returns in Form GSTR-3B for the months up to October 2020; and
(b) Non-filing of two or more statements in Form GST CMP-08 for the quarters up to July to September 2020
3. From 1st December 2020 onwards, blocking of e-way bill generation facilities would be made applicable to all taxpayers, irrespective of their Aggregate Annual Turnover (AATO), according to the terms of Rule 138E (a) and (b) of the CGST Rules, 2017.
4. The blocking will take place periodically from 1st December 2020 onwards.
5. To continue generating e-way bill on the e-way bill portal, taxpayers are advised to file their pending GSTR-3B returns/GST CMP-08 statements immediately.
9th June 2020
Any e-way bills generated on or before 24th March 2020 (whose validity has expired on or after 20th March 2020) is extended till 30th June 2020.
5th May 2020
Any e-way bill generated on or before 24th March 2020 remains valid until 31st May 2020, if its validity period expires anytime between 20th March 2020 and 15th April 2020.
3rd April 2020
The validity of the e-way bill extended till 30th April 2020, if the e-way bill expires between 20th March 2020 to 15th April 2020. Further, the CBIC’s notification of an extended time limit up to 30th June 2020 for any compliance falling due between 20th March 2020 and 29th June 2020 does not apply to the generation of e-way bills after 15th April 2020.
When the goods are in movement, a proper officer may intercept or inspect any vehicle that is carrying goods. A vehicle may be intercepted either for verification of documents or inspection of goods. He shall verify all the documents that the transporter is carrying including an E-way bill, invoice etc However, the officer cannot conduct another physical verification of the same goods when a physical verification has already been conducted in any state or union territory. As an exception, the vehicle may be stopped if the officer has specific information about tax evasion
The officer shall file the following documents on interception:
If the transporter fails to provide the documents asked for verification, the proper officer shall follow these steps: Step1: Record statement of the transporter in Form GST MOV- 01 Step2: Issue an order for inspection of goods in Form GST MOV- 02 Step3: On completion of proceedings, a report in Form GST MOV- 04 shall be updated
If no discrepancies are found during the inspection and verification process an order in Form GST MOV-05 shall be passed releasing the vehicle and goods and the vehicle can move on. The entire process mentioned above should happen simultaneously and the process should be completed within 3 days from the order of inspection.
If during the inspection and verification process the officer feels that the goods have to be detained, the officer may take the following actions:
On receiving the notice to pay tax and penalty, the owner of goods may take the following actions:
If there is a failure to pay the said amount or the officer feels that there is an evasion of tax, he shall serve a notice proposing to confiscate the goods and vehicle.
The final order shall be passed in Form GST MOV-11 and Form GST MOV-09 shall be withdrawn. Summary of the orders shall also be uploaded on the common portal. When the vehicle is confiscated, the title of the vehicle with goods is transferred to the Central Government and upon payment of fine the title gets released. For the above cases, when the taxpayer is unregistered, a temporary id shall be created for making the payments. A tabular summary of the various forms involved in provided below
|GST MOV-01||Statement of owner, driver or person in charge of the vehicle|
|GST MOV-02||Order for physical verification and inspection of goods, conveyance or documents|
|GST MOV-03||ORder for extension of time beyond 3 days for inspection|
|GST MOV-04||Physical verification report|
|GST MOV-05||Release order|
|GST MOV-06||Order of detention|
|GST MOV-07||Notice specifying tax and penalty amount|
|GST MOV-08||Bond for provisional release of goods/ conveyance|
|GST MOV-09||Order of demand of tax and penalty|
|GST MOV-10||Notice for the confiscation of goods|
|GST MOV-11||Order of confiscation of goods and conveyance and demand of tax, fine and penalty|
Since these procedures are still in a nascent stage, the benefits of it are yet to be reaped. It is to be seen how the above procedures are going to reduce waiting time, compliance time and also reduce the paperwork of the officers to a great extent. To know more, click here