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Inspection, Verification and Detention of goods in transit

Updated on :  

08 min read.

One of the main purposes of E-way bill is to ensure smooth movement of goods at the check post. Let us examine the various process involved in the process of transporting the goods from one place to another. Once the goods are ready for transportation, the transporter has to ensure that two things are in place:

  1. E-way Bill or E-way bill number
  2. Invoice

Latest Update

29th August 2021
From 1st May 2021 to 18th August 2021, the taxpayers will not face blocking of e-way bills for non-filing of GSTR-1 or GSTR-3B (two months or more for monthly filer and one quarter or more for QRMP taxpayers) for March 2021 to May 2021.

4th August 2021
Blocking of e-way bills due to non-filing of GSTR-3B resumes from 15th August 2021.

1st June 2021
1. The e-way bill portal, in its release notes, has clarified that a suspended GSTIN cannot generate an e-way bill. However, a suspended GSTIN as a recipient or as a transporter can get a generated e-way bill.
2. the mode of transport ‘Ship’ has now been updated to ‘Ship/Road cum Ship’ so that the user can enter a vehicle number where goods are initially moved by road and a bill of lading number and date for movement by ship. This will help in availing the ODC benefits for movement using ships and facilitate the updating of vehicle details as and when moved on road.

18th May 2021
The CBIC in Notification 15/2021-Central Tax has notified that the blocking of GSTINs for e-Way Bill generation is now considered only for the defaulting supplier’s GSTIN and not for the defaulting recipient or the transporter’s GSTIN.

Interception or Inspection by the Proper Officer

When the goods are in movement, a proper officer may intercept or inspect any vehicle that is carrying goods. A vehicle may be intercepted either for verification of documents or inspection of goods. He shall verify all the documents that the transporter is carrying including an E-way bill, invoice etc   However, the officer cannot conduct another physical verification of the same goods when a physical verification has already been conducted in any state or union territory. As an exception, the vehicle may be stopped if the officer has specific information about tax evasion

Documents to be filed on an interception/ inspection

The officer shall file the following documents on interception:

  1. A summary report in Form GST EWB- 03 Part A within 24 hours of inspection
  2. A final report in Form GST EWB- 03 Part B within 3 days of inspection

Transporter failure to provide documents

If the transporter fails to provide the documents asked for verification, the proper officer shall follow these steps: Step1: Record statement of the transporter in Form GST MOV- 01 Step2: Issue an order for inspection of goods in Form GST MOV- 02 Step3: On completion of proceedings, a report in Form GST MOV- 04 shall be updated

Consequences of discrepancy not found/ found

No discrepancy found on inspection

If no discrepancies are found during the inspection and verification process an order in Form GST MOV-05 shall be passed releasing the vehicle and goods and the vehicle can move on. The entire process mentioned above should happen simultaneously and the process should be completed within 3 days from the order of inspection.

Discrepancy found on inspection

If during the inspection and verification process the officer feels that the goods have to be detained, the officer may take the following actions:

  1. Pass a detention through Form GST MOV- 06
  2. A notice levying the tax and penalty throughForm MOV- 07

Action to be taken by owner w.r.t. the order

On receiving the notice to pay tax and penalty, the owner of goods may take the following actions:

  1. Accept the tax and penalty
  2. Dispute the tax and penalty
Inspection under GST

Impact of failure to pay tax and penalty

If there is a failure to pay the said amount or the officer feels that there is an evasion of tax, he shall serve a notice proposing to confiscate the goods and vehicle.

  1. The notice shall specify the amount of tax, penalty, and fine in lieu of confiscation to be paid. This amount has to be paid within 3 months.
  2. Before a final order is passed, the officer has to provide an opportunity of being heard to the taxpayer.

Passing of Final Order

The final order shall be passed in Form GST MOV-11 and Form GST MOV-09 shall be withdrawn. Summary of the orders shall also be uploaded on the common portal. When the vehicle is confiscated, the title of the vehicle with goods is transferred to the Central Government and upon payment of fine the title gets released. For the above cases, when the taxpayer is unregistered, a temporary id shall be created for making the payments. A tabular summary of the various forms involved in provided below

Form NamePurpose
GST MOV-01Statement of owner, driver or person in charge of the vehicle
GST MOV-02Order for physical verification and inspection of goods, conveyance or documents
GST MOV-03Order for extension of time beyond 3 days for inspection
GST MOV-04Physical verification report
GST MOV-05Release order
GST MOV-06Order of detention
GST MOV-07Notice specifying tax and penalty amount
GST MOV-08Bond for provisional release of goods/ conveyance
GST MOV-09Order of demand of tax and penalty
GST MOV-10Notice for the confiscation of goods
GST MOV-11Order of confiscation of goods and conveyance and demand of tax, fine and penalty

Since these procedures are still in a nascent stage, the benefits of it are yet to be reaped. It is to be seen how the above procedures are going to reduce waiting time, compliance time and also reduce the paperwork of the officers to a great extent. To know more, click here

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