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Eway bill is an electronically generated document mandatory, to be carried for movement of goods across India. It is necessary for the movement of goods worth more than Rs. 50,000 with some exceptions.

A unique eway bill number (EBN) would be generated for each such consignment to be transported. The validity of this EBN depends on the distance of transportation of goods.

To enforce this rule, authorized officers may be instructed to intercept any vehicle at certain check posts for the verification of necessary documents. Additionally, a physical verification of the vehicle may be carried out on receiving specific inputs regarding tax evasion.

Extension in the Validity of e-way bills

Update as on 9th June 2020

Any e-way bills generated on or before 24th March 2020 (whose validity has expired on or after 20th day of March 2020) is extended till 30th June 2020.

Update as on 5th May 2020

Any e-way bill generated on or before 24th March 2020 remains valid until 31st May 2020, if its validity period expires anytime between 20th March 2020 and 15th April 2020.

Update as on 3rd April 2020

The validity of the e-way bill extended till 30th April 2020, if the e-way bill expires between 20th March 2020 to 15th April 2020.

Further, the CBIC’s notification of extended time limit up to 30th June 2020 for any compliance falling due between 20th March 2020 and 29th June 2020 does not apply to the generation of e-way bills after 15th April 2020.

Consequences of not carrying Eway bill

The consequences of not generating & carrying the EWay bill can result in both monetary and non-monetary losses to the taxpayer.

Goods being moved in the contravention of Law are liable for:

  • Monetary Penalty

Moving goods without the cover of an invoice and Eway bill constitutes an offence and attracts a penalty of Rs.10,000 or the tax sought to be evaded (whichever is greater).

Hence, the bare minimum penalty that is levied for not complying the rules is Rs. 10,000.

  • Detention and Seizure

The vehicle that is found to be transporting the goods without an Eway bill can be detained or seized and would be released only on payment of appropriate tax and penalty as specified by the officer. Under this, there could be two situations:

  1. If the owner wishes to pay the penalty, he must pay 100%  of the tax payable.
  2. If not, the penalty will be equal to 50% of the value of goods.


Apart from the legal consequences mentioned above, it is also important to note that the vehicle, as well as the goods of the taxpayer, can be detained. This would mean that the taxpayer’s supply chain would get affected due to the long delays at the check posts.

Therefore, Embarrassing and unproductive situations like these can be avoided by simply complying the rules. Start using Eway bill online portal, SMS facility, and ClearTax EWayBill software are readily available to simplify the whole process. It is advised that the taxpayers comply with the law to ensure smooth facilitation of goods from one state to another.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What does the invoice value of Rs.50,000 include for calculating applicability of Eway bill?

Ans: The invoice value includes both the taxable amount plus the GST amount for calculating the applicability.

  • Is there any time gap for updating the Part A and Part B of the Eway bill?

Ans: On furnishing Part A of the Eway bill, a unique number shall be generated which shall be valid for 72 hours for updating the Part B of the Eway bill.

  • How many times can Part B of the Eway bill be updated?

Ans: There is no limit on the number of times it can be updated as long as it is within the period of validity. At any point of time, the vehicle details should match with the vehicle actually transporting the goods.

  • Can the goods be seized by the GST authorities even when it is accompanied by Tax Invoice and eway Bill, only on the ambiguity of classification of goods and Tax Tariff?

Ans:  No. The rules do not lay down the circumstances or grounds of seizure or detention of vehicle. The understanding is that anything (concrete evidence) that causes suspicion to the proper officer about possible tax evasion can lead to seizing of the vehicle.

Try ClearTax EWayBill Software that’s easy, accurate & smart! Makes compliance easy by overcoming all the Eway bill challenges through a seamless integration with your ERP system to generate Eway bills.

It comes with several validations that prevent errors from occurring, provides intelligent insights that help you carry out business efficiently with minimal effort and many more.

eway bill


For a complete understanding of Eway bills, read:

What are E-way bill rules to be complied?

How to generate E-way bill online

How to use SMS facility to generate E-way bills

What does E-way bill look like & what are the contents

How to reject or cancel E-way bill


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