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Cases when an Eway bill is not required



Updated on: May 9th, 2022


9 min read

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The Goods and Services Tax (GST) law was introduced in India to correct the erstwhile law’s several wrongs. One of the main problems was a lack of transparency concerning both the taxpayers and the government. Under the GST regime, one of the methods of the government to ensure transparency is by digitising the process. e-way bill is one such measure.

Latest Updates

29th August 2021
From 1st May 2021 to 18th August 2021, the taxpayers will not face blocking of e-way bills for non-filing of GSTR-1 or GSTR-3B (two months or more for monthly filer and one quarter or more for QRMP taxpayers) for March 2021 to May 2021.

4th August 2021
Blocking of e-way bills due to non-filing of GSTR-3B resumes from 15th August 2021.

1st June 2021
1. The e-way bill portal, in its release notes, has clarified that a suspended GSTIN cannot generate an e-way bill. However, a suspended GSTIN as a recipient or as a transporter can get a generated e-way bill.
2. the mode of transport ‘Ship’ has now been updated to ‘Ship/Road cum Ship’ so that the user can enter a vehicle number where goods are initially moved by road and a bill of lading number and date for movement by ship. This will help in availing the ODC benefits for movement using ships and facilitate the updating of vehicle details as and when moved on road.

18th May 2021
The CBIC in Notification 15/2021-Central Tax has notified that the blocking of GSTINs for e-Way Bill generation is now considered only for the defaulting supplier’s GSTIN and not for the defaulting recipient or the transporter’s GSTIN.

Documents to carry in case eway bill is not required

An e-way bill will act as an effective tool to check tax evasion at various points and track the movement of goods. The transporter has to ensure that a copy of the tax invoice or a bill of supply should be carried when an e-way bill is not required to be generated. 

An insight into how the e-way bill acts as a tax evasion tool can be seen from an instance. If some raw material is being transported from Karnataka to Tamil Nadu, where it is processed into finished goods and sold, the state in which they should receive the revenue is Tamil Nadu because it is the state of consumption. Whereas, if half of the finished goods are transported to another state, say Kerala and then sold there, then the revenue share belongs to Kerala. This is where the e-way bill comes into use. It helps us clearly know the movement of goods in every state and thus helps prevent tax evasion. Hence, the e-way bill is an important document that facilitates the movement of goods from one place to another.

An e-way bill can be generated electronically by uploading relevant details, including the type of goods, the HSN code, quantity and taxable value, details of the recipient, details of the transporter, vehicle number etc. The taxpayer/ transporter must generate an e-way bill before the movement of goods commences. Therefore, it is needless to say that if a taxpayer is covered under mandatory provisions, the goods should, at all times, be covered by an e-way bill. But if not, then he is required to carry a copy of a tax invoice or the valid document stated under the Invoicing provisions of GST laws.

Specific goods exempted from eway bill

Specific goods that are exempt from eway bill rules are:

  1. Transportation of those goods laid down in the annexure to rules as specified below:
    • Liquefied petroleum gas for supply to household and non-domestic exempted category customers
    • Kerosene oil sold under Public Distribution System (PDS)
    • Postal baggage transported by Department of Posts
    • Natural or cultured pearls and precious or semi-precious stones; precious metals and metals clad with precious metal
    • Jewellery, goldsmiths’ and silversmiths’ wares and other articles
    • Currency
    • Used personal and household effects
    • Unworked and worked coral
  2. Goods transported are alcoholic liquor for human consumption, petroleum crude, high-speed diesel, petrol, natural gas or aviation turbine fuel.
  3. Goods being transported are not treated as supply under Schedule III of the Act. Schedule III consists of activities that would neither be a supply of goods nor service like service of an employee to an employer in his employment, functions performed by MP, MLA etc.
  4. Goods transported are empty cargo containers
  5. Goods other than de-oiled cake being transported are specified in notification No. 2/2017– Central Tax (Rate) dated the 28th June 2017. A few of the goods that are included in the above notification are as follows:
    • Curd, lassi, buttermilk
    • Fresh milk and pasteurised milk not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter
    • Vegetables
    • Fruits
    • Unprocessed tea leaves and unroasted coffee beans
    • Live animals, plants and trees
    • Meat
    • Cereals
    • Unbranded rice and wheat flour
    • Salt
    • Items of educational importance (books, maps, periodicals)
  6. Goods exempted under notification No. 7/2017– Central Tax (Rate) dated 28th June 2017 (supply by CSD to unit run canteens and authorised customers) and notification No. 26/2017– Central Tax (Rate) dated 21st September 2017 (consists of heavy water and nuclear fuels)

Specific transactions that do not require eway bill

Other transactional cases where eway bill is not required are:

  1. e-Way Bill is optional for doods of value less than Rs. 50,000 (except in cases of mandatory e-way bill provisions like the movement of Handicraft goods and movement of goods for Interstate Job work)
  2. If goods are being transported by a non-motorised conveyance (Ex. Horse carts or manual carts)
  3. If goods are being transported:
    • From the port, airport, air cargo complex and land customs station to an inland container depot (ICD) or a container freight station (CFS) for clearance by Customs
    • From ICD or CFS to a customs port, airport, air cargo etc under customs bond
    • From one customs port/station to another one under customs bond
    • Goods transported under the customs supervision or customs seal
  4. Goods transported within the notified area
  5. Goods transported are transit from/ to Nepal/ Bhutan
  6. If goods are transported to a weighbridge within 20kms and back to the place of business covered under a Delivery Challan (DC)
  7. Where Government or local authorities transport goods by rail as a consignor
  8. Goods transported to/from the Ministry of Defence

So, if a taxpayer falls under any of the above categories, he will not be required to generate an e-way bill. Though the taxpayers who fall under e-way bill exemptions are relieved of this compliance, they should ensure that the other documents like the invoice and bill of supply are in accordance with the rules and regulations. A taxpayer flouting the e-way bill rules is punishable with severe consequences.

How does ClearTax help you?

ClearTax is India’s leading full-stack ASP-GSP player, and with ClearTax, e-way bill generation is simple, no matter what your scale is or what ERP platform you use. ClearTax e-Way Bill solution is 10x faster, which comes with 100+ validations. ClearTax provides you:

  • Single Dashboard- Now with a single account, multiple GSTINs can be easily managed.
  • Use our APIs, SFTP mode or templates to sync with your ERP
  • Two way integration with ERP and master data
  • In-built intelligence on scheduling and error-checks
  • Branch-level access with custom template print options
  • Fully integrated suite, connections with GST and e-Invoicing modules
  • Smart scheduling of EWB and rich MIS and reporting 
  • Leading GST Suvidha Provider with SSL, SOC 2 and ISO certifications

and many more…

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How to use bulk generation tool on e-way bill portal

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About the Author

DVSR Anjaneyulu, known by the name AJ, I've got a vast experience in accounting, finance, taxes and audit. I'm always keen to simplify laws for the readers and learn about the Indian finance ecosystem. I also love listening to music, travelling, and, most importantly, conversing with people to better understand the world.. Read more


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