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A National Sample Survey Exercise pointed out that about 5% of the total population in India sleeps without two square meals a day. The Public Distribution System (PDS) later revamped to the Targeted Public Distribution System (TDPS) aimed at providing food and grains to the needy.
To make the TPDS more beneficial and more focussed towards the right category of population, the Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) was launched in December 2000. AAY is the Government scheme that was launched to provide highly subsidised food to one crore poorest of the poor families in India.
To identify the households that are eligible for the benefits of the scheme, the guidelines stipulated the following criteria:
The states identify the poorest of the poor households and ration cards are given to them to ensure the advantages of the scheme reach the right people.