The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) in the year 2015 launched Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna (PMKVY), a flagship scheme. The primary objective of the scheme is to enable Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them achieve a better livelihood. Even individuals with existing skill set can be assessed and certified under the Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL).
Key Components of the Scheme
|Short Term Training
||Providing youth with an opportunity to get trained, assessed, and certified.
|Recognition of Prior Learning
||Providing already skilled individuals a platform to be assessed and certified.
||Enabling a platform to facilitate training in the special areas and premises of Government bodies and corporate or industry bodies.
|Kaushal and Rozgar Mela
||Organised every six months by Training partners to better the reach of this scheme.
||Providing a platform for PMKVY candidates for better employment opportunities.
||To ensure the Training Centres are technology-driven to maintain high standards of quality.
|Standardized Branding and Communication
||The training centres need to brand their centres and conduct promotional activities.
Short Term Training
- The scheme provides school/college dropouts or unemployed youth holding a valid ID (Aadhar/PAN) and bank account a chance to get skilled and employed.
- The training is according to the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF).
- It also imparts Soft Skills, Entrepreneurship, Financial and Digital Literacy.
- The duration varies as per job role around 150 to 300 hours.
- A trainee can find the training centre in the ‘Find a Training Centre’ tab. http://pmkvyofficial.org/find-a-training-centre.aspx and contact the Training Centre directly to enrol for a course.
Recognition of Prior Learning
- The scheme is to assess and certify individuals already skilled in a job/role.
- The individuals under the RPL PMKVY 2016-2020 are certified with grade according to National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF).
- An individual who fits the minimum age criteria as per the Qualification Pack (QP) requirement, possess a valid ID and fits the pre-screening criteria defined by the concerned Sector Skill Council (SSC) for the respective job role is eligible for the scheme.
- The RPL Process contains five steps which are Mobilisation, Counselling & Pre-Screening, Orientation, Final Assessment and Certification.
- Mobilisation involves activities relating to the mobilisation of potential candidates who are skilled but uncertified.
- Individuals are counselled and pre-screened, post which they attend the mandatory orientation. This is followed by assessment and certification.
- There will be a mandatory orientation under the RPL PMKVY 2016-20 of 12 hours for all participating candidates. This is divided as follows:
a) 6 hours – Domain-Specific Skills
b) 2 hours – Assessment
c) 4 hours – Soft skills and entrepreneurship
- Bridge Course – This aims to cover the perceived gap in knowledge and understanding of the individual in core and non-core National Occupational Standards (NOS) of a particular job role. A Project Implementing Agency (PIA) for RPL is requested to propose the need for the Bridge course while submitting the project. The duration of the bridge course can not exceed 68 hours, and this is over and above the 12 hours of mandatory orientation.
- Benefits of the course to an individual
a) Legitimate proof of the skills possessed by the individual.
b) Every successful individual receives an amount of Rs. 500.
c) An individual receives exposure to concepts of digital and financial literacy.
d) Individuals get accidental insurance coverage for three years at free of cost (Kaushal Bhima).
f) There is no fee charged from the individual.
- RPL Program
There are five modes in which the RPL can be implemented:
a) RPL at Camps: The PIA targets a particular location where a cluster of candidates with particular skills are consolidated. The clusters can be traditional or industrial clusters. The maximum payout to PIA is Rs.1700 per candidate.
b) RPL at Employer’s Premise: The PIA may partner with an employer and choose to mobilise the already employed individuals or engage potential job seekers in the industry. This is majorly conducted at the employer premises. The maximum payout is Rs.1400 per candidate.
c) RPL at Centres: The RPL is conducted at training centres. This is more suitable for individuals who want to participate in the RPL during weekends. The maximum payout for the PIA is Rs.1600 per candidate.
d) RPL with Best in Class Employers: Sector Skill council function as the PIA and seeks flexible and direct collaboration with top reputed employers in different sectors. The maximum payout is Rs. 500/800 as per guidelines. No pay-out to the employer is proposed.
e) RPL through demand: This project type focuses on direct participation at the PMKVY centres. To understand the demand for RPL an online portal (http://rpldap.pmkvyofficial.org/) has been created to mobilise the candidates interested.
- An employer can participate in the scheme in two ways – RPL at Employer Premise and RPL with Best -in – class Employers. Under the first option, the employer can choose to get its employees certified under the RPL by collaborating with PIA. In the second option, the employer can liaison with the SSC and participate in the scheme.
- An individual can apply for the scheme by
a) Clicking on the link (http://pmkvyofficial.org/rpl_schedule_for_the_week.aspx) and enquire about the RPL batches scheduled to be conducted during a particular week across the country and connect with the concerned PIA SPOC for possible registration
b) Visit the Demand Aggregation Portal for RPL at the link – http://pmkvyofficial.org/RPLDAP/. The interested candidates can leave their interest on this portal for a particular centre and job role that is of interest to them. This shall lead to the creation of specific batches at that particular centre in the near future.
c) Give a missed call to 088000-55555.
- The projects that cannot be conducted through the STT due to rules and regulations of the STT can be conducted as special projects to encourage training in vulnerable and marginalised groups of society and to encourage training in special areas and premises like Government bodies and corporate/ industry bodies.
- Any of the following criteria must be fulfilled for the project to be considered as Special Project
a) The job roles are outside the purview of existing PMKVY job roles.
b) The TP is providing greater than or equal to 80% captive placement or 90% wage employment.
c) Training programs conducted in varied institutional settings such as in jail, government institutions, etc.
d) Proposals where training is executed via part-funding through PMKVY & remaining fund support from other organisation.
e) The rest of the criteria is on a case to case basis and is usually decided in a Screening & Executive committee.
- The turnaround time is 2 months post desk appraisal to receive targets post-proposal submission if it passes through all the PMKVY special projects committees.
- Any Training Provider, Corporate, Government Institution, Association and NGO can apply for PMKVY Special Projects subject to the scheme guidelines.
Kaushal and Rozgar Mela
The success of PMKVY depends on social and community mobilisation. Training partners are required to hold a Kaushal and Rozgar Mela every six months with press/media coverage and also participate actively in National Career Service Melas and on-ground activities.
The mobilisation goals are expected to meet the following objectives:
- Spread awareness about PMKVY to the community.
- Recognise the suitable beneficiaries according to the scheme guidelines.
- Counsel the identified individuals and enrol them under the best-matched courses to their aptitude.
- Merge the PMKVY scheme with other existing schemes in order to promote universal financial inclusion.
Placement assistance provides wage or self-employment to individuals trained and certified under the PMKVY. An individual is considered placed as per the PMKVY scheme when :
- Individuals are certified.
- An individual is placed within 90 days of being certified.
- An individual is in continuous employment for (wage or self – employment) for 90 days.
- An individual is earning a wage that is at least equal to or above minimum wages as defined by state employment guidelines.
Training providers must work on target allocation and mobilize candidates based on geographical demands. The Placement Officer should initiate tie-ups with industry lead employers as well as local employers and seek maximum placements for the individuals.
A visiting inspector will check the infrastructure declared by the training centre on CAAF and also the mandatory compliance to PMKVY 2016-2020 guidelines. The monitoring will be a surprise visit and can be on any working day.
Standardised Branding & Communication
Branding is an important aspect, and hence all training centres need to brand their centres and promotional activities in accordance with the guidelines. The training centres must also promote activities conducted in the centres on various social media platforms.
The aim of PMKVY is to match the aptitude of individuals to the demand in the work environment and increase work efficiency of existing daily wage earners by providing them monetary rewards and quality training. The average award amount is around Rs.8000. For individuals under the RPL, the amount ranges between Rs.2000 to Rs.2500.