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India is a country that is vastly populated and is home to a variety of resources. And among those varied resources stands out the most abundant one of all, the labour workforce. This workforce is largely divided into skilled and unskilled labour. Talent is something that exists naturally, whereas skill is only developed by relentlessly working on it, day in and day out.
The need of the hour is skilled labour, and the Government of India has realised the need for the same. Bearing this in mind, the Skill India initiative was launched in 2015. To create an empowered workforce by the year 2022 is the vision of the Skill India initiative. It encompasses various programmes and initiatives under it, each one focusing on one particular niche.
The idea is to have a workforce that is skilled and will thus spearhead India’s development as a whole and help it achieve superpower status at the earliest. The registration process for Skill India is fairly straightforward and provides an individual with the option of being either a candidate or a trainer/instructor.
The Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana is the heart of the Skill India initiative. It is a programme that encourages the youth to develop industry-relevant skills and training, thus ensuring them better sources of livelihood. The skills and training that an individual undergoes will also be certified once he/she successfully completes the course.
The PMKVY training also includes soft skills training, personal grooming, education with regard to the appropriate workplace ethics and appropriate behaviour in the workplace.
The National Skill Development Corporation (NSC) has devised a plan to ensure that every district is equipped with state-of-the-art Model Training Centers (MTCs), also known as Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra.
The PMKKs aims to:-
These are events that are organised at least once in six months so as to ensure that the people who have received training under the PMKVY scheme and are certified in that regard are also provided with ample opportunities to secure employment, and thereby a proper source of livelihood.
Through Rozgar Melas, the meeting of job seekers and job providers is fast-tracked, thus speeding up operations and deploying human resources at a steady pace. The melas generally cater to youth who are 18-35 years of age with basic educational qualifications. The Rozgar Melas also include ancillary programmes for the candidates such as counselling sessions, loan facilitation, skill exhibition, etc.
The very fact that India has a youthful workforce presents an opportunity that could potentially transform itself into a skilled workforce of the highest quality. Bearing this in mind and keeping in mind the demand of the global workforce, the NSDC introduced the India International Skill Centres (IISCs).
These IISCs serve as a network with the outside world, where the Government of India strikes up partnerships and collaborations on a global level so as to enhance workforce mobility. This is done in line with the target of India becoming the Skill Capital of the world.
The PDOT program has been launched in order to educate the candidates who seek jobs outside India regarding the basic dos and don’ts, the cultural aspects, the etiquettes and mannerisms, emigration procedure, language and all other necessary information. The idea is to have them fully equipped to carry on their lives in another country without any confusion or difficulty, whatsoever.
As the candidates are graduates of skill workshops and programmes that are certified and recognised on a large scale basis, their job profiles tend to be particularly impressive with regard to the skill set they have at their disposal. Skill India programme equips the candidates with the requisite training and skill development so as to ensure that they land great jobs.
Since the training programmes focus on skill development at the grassroot levels, every sector becomes the recipient of a certain level of growth, ensuring all-round development in all the sectors.
There is an ever present demand for skilled labour, and the Skill India initiative was formed in order to meet that very demand. The introduction of trained individuals into the labour workpool ensures the availability of skilled and quality labour, which in turn accelerates the overall growth of the economy.
The Skill Development Management System (SDMS) portal that is in place also ensures that the candidates are recipients of the highest quality training and that the level of quality remains the same throughout the course under the Skill India programme.
Assistance is also provided to the candidates in the form of monitoring and providing necessary support to those candidates that are budding entrepreneurs, providing them with the necessary guidance and mentoring under the Skill India initiative.