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Virtual Payment Address (VPA)—What is VPA in UPI?

Updated on :  

08 min read.

Unified Payment Interface (UPI), the latest payment technique, is the trending payment mode among individuals for money transfers, bill payments, and merchant payments. The advantages of UPI payments are that you don’t have to pay additional transaction charges and that the receiver will not know your bank account details as they can only view your virtual payment address (VPA).

What is VPA?

A Virtual Payment Address (VPA) is a unique identifier that helps UPI to track a person’s account. It acts as an ID independent of your bank account number and other details. VPA can be used to make and request payments through a UPI-enabled app. You need not fill in your bank account details repeatedly for making multiple payments.

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A typical VPA looks something like abc@bankname. Generally, a primary default VPA will be set by the UPI app you are working on. The ‘abc’ part of the above example can be anything, such as your name, your registered mobile number, or things like that. The ‘bank name’ in the example can be the name of the bank your account is held with, or the name of the bank the app is associated with, or just the word ‘upi’.

For example, ‘geooorge@hdfcbank’, ‘anjeliene25@upi’, and ‘123456789@ybl’, can be a few examples of a VPA. 

On the other hand, you can check for the availability of a VPA that you would prefer and create one as you desire.

Creating a VPA of Your Choice

Step 1: Open the UPI app you have installed on your mobile device. Here, the BHIM app is used for demonstration purposes.

Step 2: Click on the ‘Profile’ tab on the home screen.

Step 3: If you have already set a VPA, the primary VPA will be shown. Click on the arrow that leads to the right.

Step 4: Click on the ‘+’ mark on the screen to create a VPA of your choice.

Step 5: You will be given an option to choose the first part of the VPA, i.e. the segment that appears before the ‘@’ symbol. A list of recommendations also appear. You can choose one from the list or type your desired VPA and check for its availability.

Step 6: Click on ‘Submit’ to confirm the VPA. That’s all!

How do Transactions Happen Under VPA?

Once you have installed a UPI-enabled app, you are required to choose a UPI ID for all your further transactions. A VPA can be anything ranging from your name, the first half of your email address, or even your mobile number.

This is to make sure that you do not forget it when required. You can log in to a UPI-enabled app using VPA. Linking VPA to a bank account is an essential step before you initiate any transaction via UPI. Also, make sure that the mobile number you have linked to the bank account is the same as the one you have registered you are receiving a notification.

Upon entering the VPA and the amount to be sent/received, you must enter the valid UPI PIN that was created while registering with UPI. This is a validation required to confirm that the right person is making the transaction.

General UPI Transaction Limit

Currently, the National Payment Corporation of India (NPCI) has predefined the UPI transaction limit to Rs 1 Lakh per day. The maximum number of UPI transactions is 20 per day. However, the upper limit differs from bank to bank. Hence, the upper limit could be anywhere between Rs 10,000 to Rs 1 lakh. It is important to note that the transaction limit might change from time to time.

UPI AutoPay

NPCI has introduced UPI AutoPay for regular payments. With this facility, you can enable a recurring e-mandate using any UPI application for recurring payments such as telephone bills, OTT charges,
Netflix, WiFi charges, electricity bills, EMI bills, etc. Following is the list of a few banks and their respective partners (not limited to):

Issuer BankUPI Apps
Axis BankBHIM
Bank of BarodaPaytm, BHIM
IDFC BankBHIM
ICICI BankGpay, PhonePe
Indusind BankBHIM
HDFC BankGpay, PhonePe, Paytm
HSBC BankHSBC SimplyPay
Paytm BankPaytm, BHIM

Note: The NPCI and UPI website has not disclosed if such auto payments also will be included under the UPI transaction limit or not.

Google Pay UPI Transaction Limit

  • Maximum of Rs 1 lakh per day across all UPI apps.
  • Maximum of 10 times per day across all UPI apps.
  • A maximum request of Rs 2,000 from another individual or party.

PhonePe UPI Transaction Limit

  • Maximum of Rs 1 lakh per day across all UPI apps.
  • Maximum of 10 times across all UPI apps per day.

UPI Transaction Limit for BHIM App

You can transfer up to Rs 40,000 per transaction and a maximum of Rs 40,000 per day concerning one bank account. This UPI transfer limit is determined based on the bank account linked with BHIM. The State Bank of India introduced its own mobile payments app called BHIM SBI Pay. It can be used not only by SBI account holders, it can be used by customers of other UPI-enabled banks too. The fund transfer is executed via VPA.

What are the Advantages of Using VPA?

  • Make payments from any account registered with your mobile number that has a sufficient balance to complete the transaction.
  • Using a single user name/virtual address makes it convenient to track all your transactions in one place.
  • Choose the option ‘Pay with VPA’ to transfer funds to an account of any bank. It is as easy as entering the recipient’s VPA, the amount to be paid, and remarks if any.
  • Receive money when you request using the VPA. It is as easy as entering the target VPA, the amount, and remarks if any. When the other party accepts the request and authorises the transaction, the sum will be instantly credited to your account.
  • Track the status of your past transactions using VPA.
  • Money can be transferred and received even on weekends and
    bank holidays.
  • You can transfer funds from anywhere and anytime 24/7.
  • You can skip the tedious process of adding a beneficiary or payee.
  • Facilitates 100% online and speedy transfers.
  • The UPI platform doesn’t transfer cash to an e-wallet; instead, it retains cash in your bank account. You will continue to accrue interest, whereas, in the case of an e-wallet, it doesn’t pay interest on the money deposited.
  • UPI is a single platform that connects all your bank accounts. You can create VPA for all your UPI-enabled bank accounts via a single bank UPI app. You can change your VPA at any point in time, provided your new VPA username is available. Since no two VPAs are the same, it further adds to the security of your VPA.
  • Many banks levy charges on customers for using NEFT, RTGS, and IMPS services; however, VPA transactions via the UPI platform cost customers almost nothing. Furthermore, as UPI is based on the Immediate Payment System (IMPS) paradigm, funds can be transferred immediately via UPI.

VPA Suffixes of a Few Common Banks

  • SBI Pay: @SBI.
  • Axis bank: @axis.
  • ICICI Bank UPI: @icici.
  • PNB UPI: @PNB.
  • HDFC Bank UPI: @HDFC.
  • Bank of Baroda: @barodapay.
  • Yes Bank: @YBL.

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I find my VPA address?

After installing the UPI app on your mobile, click on the ‘Profile’ tab on your home screen. If you have already set a VPA, the primary VPA will be displayed.

What is the UPI transaction limit for international transactions?

Currently, the UPI fund transfer feature is not available for international transactions.

Is it possible to reduce my existing UPI transaction limit?

A few banks offer the feature of bringing down the UPI transaction limit in terms of both the amount as well as number. This can be initiated by visiting their net banking website.

Is it possible to change an existing VPA?

Yes, it’s possible. You can change or edit an existing VPA. This feature can be seen under the UPI app settings.

Can I link an existing VPA with a new app?

Yes, you can link an existing VPA to a new app provided your app supports that feature.

Is it possible to link different bank accounts under one VPA?

Yes, all your bank accounts can be linked under a single VPA.

Will VPA get lapsed when not in use?

No, VPA will not get lapsed even if you do not use it daily or periodically.

How many VPAs can be created on a UPI platform?

You can create as many as VPA’s you intend to on various UPI platforms and link them to the same bank account.

Are UPI ID and VPA the same?

Virtual Payment Address (VPA) is another name for a UPI ID. Some of the apps such as Google Pay, Phonepe, and Payzapp use the term virtual payment address.

Related Articles

BHIM UPI Registration 

UPI: Unified Payments Interface – Instant mobile payments

BHIM UPI Payments App-How to Use It?

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