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7th Pay Commission Pay Scales

Updated on :  

08 min read.

Government employees directly coming under the purview of the 7th Pay Commission have placed their demands, varying from the common treatment of similar cadres or groups, a standard pay for entry-level employees, enhancement in the frequency of Career Progression, transparency in pay structure and the current grade pay and so on.

Latest Update on 7th Pay Commission

  1. In a move that will benefit over 1.1 crore central government employees and pensioners, the Centre has hiked the Dearness Allowance by 3 per cent to 12 per cent. The previous DA hike was in August last year when the government had increased it to 9 per cent from 7 per cent.
  2. Since the hike comes into effect retrospectively from January 1, the employees will also get arrear for the month of January. Now, the central government employees and pensioner will get Dearness Allowances at the rate of 12 per cent.
  3. In a decision that will benefit thousands of academicians, Bihar CM Nitish Kumar has announced to give 7th pay commission salaries to madrassa teachers of the state.
  4. The Ministry of Railways has also decided to constitute a Committee for the inclusion of fresh categories within the ambit of Risk and Hardship Allowance. The main function of the committee will be ‘To holistically examine the inclusion of fresh categories within the ambit of Risk and Hardship Allowance introduced by 7th CPC’.
  5. To bring the uniformity in the retirement age, the ministry will be increasing the retirement age for the constable to commandant (senior superintendent of police) to 60 years from the present 57 years.
  6. The 7th Pay Commission pay scale will increase by 16% for currently serving employees, while pensioners will witness a 23.63% rise in their income. The biggest rise, in particular, is the allowances, which will rise by approximately 63%. The 7th Pay Commission pay matrix is a simple table, easy to understand while being predictable and transparent in manner.

7th Pay Commission Pay Matrix

Existing Pay BrandsExisting level of Grade payAvailable for*New levels
Cabinet Secretary, Defence Chiefs18
*C: Civil, D: Defence, M: Military Nursing Service (MNS)

All of the above demands have been incorporated into the new 7th pay commission pay matrix. The grade pay has been taken into consideration and the levels are now rationalised. Government employees can now look up their current pay level and evaluate their current status as well as their growth potential over the years of their career. Procedures have also been made simple for the calculation of pension.

Highlights of 7th Pay Commission

  • Minimum pay will begin at ₹18,000
  • Maximum recommended pay will be fixed at ₹2,25,000
  • Apex positions such as cabinet secretary and others in the same level: Pay begins at ₹2,50,000
  • The new system of Pay Matrix will replace the present system of Grade Pay and pay band.
  • A factor of 2.57 will be applied uniformly to the existing pay of all the employees to arrive at the new pay scales.
  • Annual increment rate will remain constant at 3%, as in the 6th Pay Commission
TypePerformance Linked ApproachMilitary Service PayShort Service Commissioned OfficersParity PayReview

  • The performance benchmarks are made more stringent

  • Performance linked increment system has been recommended

  • The Military Service Pay will be available only to Defence Personnel

  • Revised rates of MSP per month

  • Serving Officers: ₹15,500

  • Nursing Officers: ₹10,800

  • JCO Rs: ₹5,200

  • Non Combatants (Enrolled) in the Air Force: ₹3,600

  • They will be allowed to exit Armed Forces any time between 7 & 10 years

  • Terminal gratuity will be equivalent to 10.5 months of the pay

  • They will be eligible for a 1-year Executive Programme or MTech at a premier institute which will be fully funded

  • Similar functionaries will be paid in parity

  • Parity between field and headquarters staff

  • Cadre Review for Group A Officers will undergo systematic changes

TypeAllowancesAdvancesMedical Facilities

  • 52 allowances are abolished

  • Allowances that are related to Risk and Hardship will be separately governed

  • Revised Siachen Allowance per month is as follows:

  • Service Officers: ₹31,500

  • JCO/ ORs: ₹21,000

  • Non-Interest-bearing advances are withdrawn

  • Personal Computer Advance and House Building Advance have been retained

  • The ceiling for House Building Advance has been increased to ₹25,00,000

  • Central Government Employees Group Insurance Scheme

  • Health Insurance Scheme for Central Govt Employees

  • Hospitals empanelled for meeting the needs of people covered under CGHS, shall extend medical facilities to those pensioners residing outside CGHS areas

  • Postal pensioners should be covered

Insurance Coverage

Level Of EmployeeMonthly DeductionAssured Sum
10 and above₹5000₹50,00,000
6 to 9₹2500₹25,00,000
1 to 5₹1500₹15,00,000

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  • Revised pension for Civil and Defence Personnel including CAPF to bring about parity
  • Method of computing the revised pension is also recommended
  • A slab based system for disability element, for computing disability pension
  • In case of death on duty, the rate amount of compensation to kins is to undergo revision
  • Recommendations have been made for revision of NPS for the establishment of a redressal mechanism 


  • Maximum Gratuity has been enhanced to ₹20 lakhs
  • If Dearness Allowance raises by 50%, maximum gratuity shall be increased by 25%

Pay scale for Defence Personnel

According to the recommendations made in the 7th Pay Commission, the pay scale for Defence Personnel will be based upon the officer’s rank, area of posting, branch, and designation. The below table shows the detail pay structure:

Minimum grade pay for Defence PersonnelRs.5,400
Pay bandRs.15,600
Military service payRs.6,000
Kit maintenanceRs.500

Pay Scale for Central Government Employees

Pay scaleRs.29,900 to Rs.1,04,400 per month
Grade PayRs.5,400 to Rs.16,200 per month
Hard areas allowanceApplicable to people who are posted in hard areas25% of the overall basic pay or Rs.6,750 per month
Kit maintenance allowanceApplicable to all officersRs.400 per month
High altitude climate allowanceApplicable to officers posted in high altitudeRs.11,200-Rs.14,000 per month
House Rent AllowanceApplicable to officers who do not avail government accommodation facility10-30% of the basic pay of the officer
Siachen AllowanceApplicable to officers posted in Siachen bordersRs.11,200-Rs.14,000 per month
Transport AllowanceApplicable to all officersFor A1 cities and towns, Rs.3,200 is paid and for all other cities and towns, Rs.1,600 will be paid
High Active Field Area AllowanceApplicable to officers who work in high-active field areaRs.6,780-Rs.4,200 per month
Special forces allowanceApplicable to officers who work in special forcesRs.9,000 per month
Modified field area allowanceApplicable to officers posted in modified field areasRs.1,600 per month
Dearness AllowanceUsually 80% of Gross pay
Flying AllowancePayable for officers in flying branch
Technical AllowancePayable to officers in the technical branchRs.2,500

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