RD or Recurring Deposits are an investment tool which allows investors to make regular monthly payments and save money for the long term. Investors can choose the tenure of the deposit and the minimum monthly payment they wish to make according to their convenience. RD schemes are generally more flexible than FD schemes and are generally preferred by those who want to start an account for the purpose of saving money and building a rainy-day fund.
|Interest Rate||4.00% to 8.00%|
|Minimum Deposit Amount||Rs. 10|
|Investment Tenure||6 months to 10 years|
|Interest Compound Frequency||Quarterly|
|Partial and Midterm Withdrawal||Not Allowed|
|Premature Closure||Allowed with charges|
*Post office recurring deposit can be opened with the minimum amount of Rs. 10.
*The interest on RD is compounded quarterly.
Almost all the banks in India offer an RD scheme, and the rates are highly competitive. Interest rates on RD schemes are an average of 6-7% and the interest depends on the market trends prevalent at the time of creating the account. Once you open an account and begin investing, the interest will remain the same for the duration chosen. The tenure of an RD can vary from 7 days to 10 years. For this reason, RD schemes make a great choice for salaried individuals who earn a fixed income every month and can invest a regular amount every month.
Comparison Between Other Bank Rates
|BANK||Normal Citizens||Senior Citizens|
|State Bank of India||6.50% – 6.95%||7.00% – 7.45%|
|HDFC Bank||5.75% – 6.90%||6.25% – 7.40%|
|ICICI Bank||6.25% – 7.10%||6.75% – 7.60%|
|Axis Bank||6.50% – 7.00%||7.00% – 7.50%|
|Kotak Mahindra Bank||6.25% – 6.75%||6.75% – 7.25%|
|IDFC Bank||6.75% – 7.25%||0.00% – 0.00%|
|Bank of Baroda||6.50% – 7.00%||6.50% – 7.00%|
|IDBI Bank||7.00% – 7.15%||7.50% – 7.65%|
|Indian Bank||5.25% – 6.50%||5.75% – 7.00%|
|PNB Bank||6.70% – 7.00%||7.20% – 7.50%|
|Allahabad Bank||6.50% – 7.00%||0.00% – 0.00%|
|Andhra Bank||6.25% – 7.00%||6.75% – 7.50%|
|Bank of India||6.75% – 7.00%||7.25% – 7.50%|
|Canara Bank||7.00% – 7.35%||7.50% – 7.85%|
|Central Bank||7.00% – 7.15%||7.50% – 7.65%|
|Union Bank of India||7.00% – 7.25%||7.50% – 7.75%|
|Corporation Bank||7.00% – 7.10%||7.50% – 7.60%|
|RBL Bank||7.00% – 7.85%||7.50% – 8.35%|
|Syndicate Bank||6.00% – 6.80%||6.50% – 7.30%|
Investing into RD : Is it Really Beneficial?
Here’s another example which shows the how SIPs provide superior returns as compared to RDs.
Let us assume that you invest Rs 10,000 every month in your RD account for 15 years. RDs generally offer 7-8% interest rates. Using 8% for RD calculations you will end up with Rs. 34.6 lakhs from your RD.
Now, if you were to put this money in a SIP with an average return of 15%, you would earn Rs. 66.8 lakhs from your SIP.
The total investment in both cases remains the same, but you earn more from SIP than from RD.
Other Investment Options
If you are comfortable making regular investments, you can also look towards investing in Mutual Fund SIPs. AASIP or Systematic Investment Plan uses your monthly deposit amounts to invest in Mutual Funds that return a higher interest rate than normal RD schemes.
On an average, a SIP yields returns at 12-18% which is significantly higher than RD.
Benefits of RD
- RD schemes allow you to save money on a regular basis and the minimum deposit amount can be as low as RS. 10
- The tenure is also flexible and you can choose from 7 days to 10 years depending on your convenience
- Minors can also open RD accounts under the supervision and guardianship of their parents
- RD schemes allow for higher rate of interest (usually 0.5% more) for senior citizens
- Premature withdrawals are allowed under RD. However, this may come with a small penalty
- RD can be used as collateral for taking loans. You can take up to 80-90% loans on your RD amount
Tax Benefits on RD
Similar to other personal tax-saving and investment instruments, Recurring Deposit schemes also attract taxes. A TDS of 10% is deducted on the returns accrued from a RD, if the total interest exceeds Rs. 10,000 in a single financial year.
Compare this to the SIP scheme and you can see that SIPs are more beneficial for the long term. Since long-term gains from equity are tax free, any SIP which invests in ELSS (Equity Linked Mutual Funds) is also tax free after one year.
RD Interest Rate Calculator
Interest on RD is compounded quarterly, in most banks. The formula for this is :
M = R[(1+i)^n-1]/(1-(1+i)^(-1/3) )
M = Maturity Value
R = Monthly Installment
n = Number of quarters
I = Rate of interest/400
So, if you invest in RD and put in Rs. 5,000 per month for a year, at the interest rate of 8%, your total value will be calculated as:
R = 5000
n = 4 (one year has four quarters)
I = 8.00/400
M = Rs. 62, 647 in one year
Which is the Best RD – How to Choose
There are many RD schemes available in the market. There are a couple of criteria you can use to choose between these schemes:
Check which bank offers you the highest interest rate for the deposit amount and the tenure that you have fixed
Check for banks with the lowest penalty rates for premature withdrawals. This will ensure that your funds stay liquid and you can withdraw them whenever you need without losing much money
|Identity Proof||Address Proof|
|PAN card||Telephone bill|
|Voter ID card||Electricity bill|
|Driving licence||Bank Statement with Cheque|
|Government ID card||Certificate/ ID card issued by Post office|
|Photo ration card|
|Senior citizen ID card|
Premature Withdrawal of RD
Most banks levy a small penalty on premature withdrawals of funds from RD accounts. However, partial withdrawal of funds is not allowed in many banks.
Who can open an RD account?
Answer: You can open an RD account with any bank in India if you are:
Indian resident or HUF (Hindu Undivided Families) can open an RD account
NRIs can also open the RD account through NRO and NRE accounts
Minors can also open an account under the guardianship of their parents
What can I do with my RD account after it matures?
Answer: You can choose to close your RD account and use the returns for your personal needs. Or, you can ask your bank to transfer the amount to an FD account where it will reap more dividends.
What is the penalty levied on missed payments?
Answer: If you miss several consecutive payments, the bank may choose to close down your RD account. Some RD schemes are also flexible in the way they allow you to make payments anytime during the month.