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Minor PAN Card – Process to Apply PAN Card for a Child

By Mayashree Acharya

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Updated on: May 27th, 2024

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10 min read

A PAN (Permanent Account Number) card contains a unique identification number assigned to every tax-paying citizen of India. All taxpayers, including individuals, Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs), companies, local authorities, etc., need to obtain the PAN card. It links all financial transactions of the taxpayer, making it convenient for the government to record every tax-related information for each PAN cardholder.

Since taxpayers must have a PAN card, there is a misconception that only persons above 18 years can apply for it. However, the Income Tax (IT) department has not mentioned any age limit to apply for a PAN card. Thus, even minors are eligible to apply for a PAN card.

Requirement of a PAN Card for a Minor

Minors must have a PAN card in the following circumstances:

  • A minor's PAN card can be used as identity proof for various purposes, such as to get scholarships, government benefits, etc. The PAN card number will remain the same even upon attaining the majority.
  • When parents intend to make their minor child a nominee of their investments, shares or such financial products.
  • When parents invest in the child’s name.
  • When a bank account for the child needs to be opened, or a Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana account for a minor daughter.
  • A minor’s income from any investments or income they hold is not taxable, and it is clubbed with the parent’s income. However, it is taxable in the following circumstances, and minors need a PAN card:
    • When they are physically blind, disabled, etc.
    • When they have earned income on their own.
    • When they earn income through their skill, knowledge and talent.

Procedure to Apply for a Minor PAN Card

Minors cannot apply for a PAN card directly on their own. Thus, the parents, guardians or representative assessees have to apply for the minor PAN card. They can apply for a minor PAN card either online or offline.

Online Procedure to Apply for a Minor PAN Card

Step 1: Read the instructions for filing Form 49A at – https://tin.tin.nsdl.com/pan/Instructions49A.html.

Step 2: Visit the official NSDL website

Step 3: Select application type as ‘New PAN – Indian Citizen (Form 49A)’ and the category as ‘Individual’.

Step 4: Complete all the details as given in the instructions for filing Form 49A. Enter the minor's full name, parent's mobile number, and email, and click 'Submit'.

Step 5: Next, select the mode of submission of documents for PAN card and if physical PAN card is required.

Step 6: Enter the minor's personal details, parent's details, parent's address and contact number, AO code (need not be entered) and the signature of the parent or guardian. 

Step 7: Upload the photograph of the minor and the required documents. 

Step 8: Proceed to make the payment of the fee via debit card, credit card, demand draft or net banking and click the ‘Submit’ button.

Step 9: An acknowledgement number will be given that can be used to track the status of the application.

Step 10: Enclose all the required documents (if physical documents option is selected to submit documents for PAN card) along with the demand draft (if this is chosen as a mode of payment) in an envelop and post it to the Pune address of the Income Tax PAN Services Unit.

Upon the successful verification of the application, the PAN card will be sent to the mentioned address within 15-20 working days.

Offline Procedure to Apply for a Minor PAN Card

Step 1: Download Form 49A from the official NSDL website.

Step 2: Read the instructions for filling Form 49A provided below the form.

Step 3: Fill in all the details as per the instructions. 

Step 4: Attach a copy of the relevant documents.

Step 5: Attach two photographs of the child.

Step 6: Submit the application form with the required documents to the nearest nearest PAN Centre along with the fees.

An acknowledgement number will be given upon submission of the application. The acknowledgement number can be used to track the status of the application. Upon the successful verification of the application, the PAN card will be sent to the mentioned address.

Documents for Minor PAN Card Application

For the PAN card application, the documents required to be attached or uploaded are proof of identity, proof of address and age proof. However, for minors, the Proof of Address (POA) and Proof of Identity (POI) documents of the parent’s or guardian’s must be uploaded. But, the minor’s proof of date of birth document should be uploaded or attached and not the documents of the parent or guardian.

When the Aadhaar card of the minor is selected as the proof of address and identity, the Aadhaar of the minor should be uploaded or attached for POA and POI and not of the parents or guardians. The list of documents that can be given as proof of identity, address, and age is provided below.

Proof of Identity Documents

The parents or guardian of the minor can submit any one of the following documents as proof of identity:

  • Aadhaar card.
  • Passport.
  • Ration card.
  • Driving license.
  • Voter’s ID card.
  • Photo ID card issued by the government.
  • The original certificate of identity signed by a Member of Legislative Assembly, Member of Parliament, Gazetted Officer or Legislative Council. 

Proof of Address Documents

The parents or guardian of the minor can submit any one of the following documents as proof of address:

  • Aadhaar card.
  • Driving license.
  • Passport.
  • Post office passbook.
  • Voter’s ID card.
  • Domicile certificate.
  • Property registration document.
  • The original certificate of address signed by a Member of Legislative Assembly, Member of Parliament, Gazetted officer or Municipal Council.
  • Copy of any of the below documents of not more than three months old:
    • Electricity bill.
    • Water bill.
    • Landline telephone or broadband connection bill.
    • Consumer gas connection book or card or piped gas bill.
    • Credit card statement.
    • Bank account statement.

Proof of Birth Documents

The following documents of the minor can be submitted as proof of age/birth:

  • Birth certificate.
  • Aadhaar card.
  • Passport.
  • Photo ID card issued by the government.
  • Mark sheet of recognised board.
  • Domicile certificate.
  • Affidavit sworn before a Magistrate having the date of birth.

Fees for Minor PAN Card

The fees for minor PAN card differs based on the mode of submission of the documents and if physical or e-PAN is required. Following table provides the fees to be paid for getting the minor PAN card:

Mode of application submissionMode of Dispatch of PAN cardFees (Including GST)
PAN application submitted offline or online using physical modeDispatch of physical PAN card in IndiaRs. 107
Dispatch of physical PAN card outside IndiaRs. 1,017
PAN application submitted online through paperless modeDispatch of physical PAN card in IndiaRs. 101
Dispatch of physical PAN card outside IndiaRs. 1,011
PAN application submitted offline or online using physical modeDispatch of e-PAN card to the email IDRs. 72
PAN application submitted through paperless modeDispatch of e-PAN card to the email IDRs. 66

Steps to Update Minor Pan Card Upon Becoming a Major

When a minor becomes a major, he/she should apply for an update of his/her minor PAN card to reflect the new changes. A person can update the minor PAN card to the regular PAN card upon becoming a major by following the below steps:

Step 1: Visit the official NSDL website

Step 2: Select the application type as 'Changes or Corrections in existing PAN data/ Reprint of PAN card' and the category as 'Individual'.

Step 3: Select the mode of submission of documents for PAN card and if a physical PAN card is required.

Step 4: Enter the minor PAN number, name, date of birth and gender. After this, select the 'Photo Mismatch' and 'Signature Mismatch' boxes to provide the signature and photo. 

Step 5: Enter the other required details to make any necessary changes in the PAN card. 

Step 6: Upload the necessary documents, including photos and signatures and submit the application.

Step 7: Make the required payment. An acknowledgement number will be given that can be used to track the application for updated PAN card.

The 'Changes or Corrections in existing PAN data/ Reprint of PAN card' can also be filled out and submitted offline by visiting the nearest PAN Centre

A PAN card for a minor can be obtained easily by applying for it either online or offline. However, if the minor's Aadhaar card is not available, the parent's documents must be uploaded or submitted. The PAN card for a minor is beneficial as it acts as proof of the minor's identity and is also required for any financial transactions in the minor's name. Upon attaining 18 years, the minor's PAN card must be updated with the signature, photo, and accurate updated information.

Frequently Asked Questions

What happens to the minor PAN card after the minor turns 18 years?

Since the PAN card will not have the signature or updated photo of the minor, it cannot be used for identity purposes. Thus, the minor child, upon becoming 18 years old, must re-apply for the updated or correction of PAN card with the latest signature, photo and documents. However, the PAN number remains the same.

What is the difference between minor and major PAN card?

The minor PAN card is for individuals under 18 years of age, and the major PAN card is for individuals above 18 years of age. Minor PAN cards do not have the minor's signature, proof of identity, or address documents. The major or regular PAN card will have the latest photo of the individual, signature, proof of identity, and address documents of the individual.

How can I convert my minor PAN card to major PAN card?

You can convert your minor PAN card to a major or regular PAN card by visiting the NSDL website and selecting and filling in the 'Changes or Corrections in existing PAN data/ Reprint of PAN card' option. 

What is the minimum age for a minor PAN card?

Under the Income Tax Act, no minimum age is prescribed for applying for a PAN card. Thus, a PAN card can be applied for a minor below five years of age. 

Can a minor PAN be applied online?

Yes, the parents of a minor child can apply for a minor PAN card online on the NSDL website.

Do I have to pay the same application fee when I modify my minor PAN card?

Yes, the same PAN card application fees must be paid to update the minor PAN card upon attaining the majority. The fee varies depending on the mode of document submission for an updated PAN card and whether an updated physical PAN card is required. 

Does a minor need to link PAN with Aadhaar?

Yes. All PAN cards must be linked with the Aadhaar card to prevent it from becoming inoperative.

About the Author

I am an advocate by profession and have a keen interest in writing. I write articles in various categories, from legal, business, personal finance, and investments to government schemes. I put words in a simplified manner and write easy-to-understand articles. Read more

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Quick Summary

A PAN card is a unique identification number for all taxpayers in India, including minors. Minors need a PAN card for various purposes and their income may be clubbed with the parent's. The application process can be done by parents or guardians online or offline, providing necessary documents. Updating a minor's PAN card to a regular PAN card upon turning 18 is important.

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